Abkürzungen

Hier finden Sie wichtige Abkürzungen aus dem Bereich Software und Hardware. (PDF-Version)
 
 
 
ADSL:
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
ARP:
Address Resolution Protocol
ATM:
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
BGP:
Border Gateway Protocol
CAN:
Controller Area Network
CHAP:
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
CLNP:
Connectionless Network Protocol
CPE:
Customer Premises Equipment
COE:
Central Office Equipment
CRC:
Cyclic Redundancy Check
CSLIP:
Compressed Serial Line Internet Protocol
CSMA/CR:
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Resolution
DAP:
Directory Access Protocol
DAS:
Direct Attached Storage
DNS:
Domain Name System
DQDB:
Distributed Queue Dual Bus
DSL:
Digital Subscriber Line
DSLAM:
Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
FC:
Fibre Channel
FCS:
Frame Check Sequence
FTP:
File Transfer Protocol
GAN:
Global Area Network
GW:
Gateway
HDLC:
High-Level Data Link Control
HTTP:
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
ICMP:
Internet Control Message Protocol
IMAP:
Internet Message Access Protocol
IPCP:
Internet Protocol Control Protocol
IPX:
Internetwork Packet eXchange
IrLAN:
Infrared Local Area Network
ISDN:
Integrated Services Digital Network
IP:
Internet Protocol
LAN:
Local Area Network
LCP:
Link Control Protocol
LDAP:
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LIN:
Local Interconnect Network
LON:
Local Operating Network
LSAP:
Logical Service Access Point
MAC:
Media Access Control
MAN:
Metropolitan Area Network
MRU:
Maximum Receive Unit
MTU:
Maximum Transmission Unit
NFS:
Network File System
NRZ:
Non Return to Zero
OSI:
Open Systems Interconnection
PAP:
Password Authentication Protocol
PDC:
Primary Domain Controller
POP3:
Post Office Protocol 3
PPP:
Point To Point Protocol
PPPoE:
PPP over Ethernet
PPTP:
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
RFC:
Request for Comments
RIP:
Routing Information Protocol
RTP:
Real-Time Transport Protocol,
RTU:
Remote Terminal Unit
SAN:
Storage Area Network
SDSL:
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line
SLIP:
Serial Line Internet Protocol
SMB:
Server Message Block
SMDS:
Switched Multimegabit Data Service
SMTP:
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SOAP:
Simple Object Access Protocol
SSID:
Service Set Identifier
SSH:
Secure Shell
SSL:
Secure Socket Layer
TCP/IP:
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TTL:
Time-to-Live
UDP:
User Datagram Protocol
VDSL:
Very High Speed Digital Subscriber Line
VLAN:
Virtual Local Area Network
VoIP:
Voice over IP
WAN:
Wide Area Network
WLAN:
Wireless Area Network
WPAN:
Wireless Personal Area Network
 
 
 
BGA:
Ball Grid Array
CQFP:
Ceramic Quad Flat Package
CSP:
Chip Scale Package
DIL:
Dual in-line
DIP:
Dual in-line Package
FBGA:
Fine Ball Grid Array
LGA:
Land Grid Array
LLP:
Leadless Leadframe Package
LQFP:
Low Profile Quad Flat Package
MELF:
Metal Electrode Faces
MQFP:
Metric Quad Flat Package
MLCC:
Multilayer Ceramic Chip Capacitor
MLF:
Micro Lead Frame
MLP:
Micro Leadframe Package
PDIP:
Plastic Dual Inline Package
PLCC:
Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier
PQFP:
Plastic Quad Flat Package
PSOP:
Plastic Small Outline Package
QFN:
Quad Flat Pack No Leads
QFP:
Quad Flat Package
QSOP:
Quarter Size Small Outline Package
SIP:
Single Inline Package
SIL:
Single Inline
SIMM:
Single Inline Memory Modul
SMD:
Surface Mount Device
SMT:
Surface Mount Technplogy
SOD:
Small Outline Diode
SOIC:
Small-Outline Integrated Circuit
SOP:
Small Outline Package
SOT:
Small Outline Transistor
SSOP:
Shrink Small Outline Package
TFBGA:
Thin Fine Ball Grid Array
THR:
Throughhole Reflow
THT:
Trought Hole Technology
TQFP:
Thin Quad Flat Package
TSOP:
Thin Small-Outline Package
TSSOP:
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
VFBGA:
Very Thin Fine Ball Grid Array
VSOP:
Very Small Outline Package
 
 
 
ATA:
Advanced Technology Attachment
ATAPI:
Advanced Technology Attachment with Packet Interface
DUART:
Dual Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmittert
E/A:
Eingabe/Ausgabe
EHCI:
Enhanced Host Controller Interface
eSATA:
External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
FIR:
Fast-Infrared
FSB:
Front Side Bus
HID:
Human Interface Device
IDE:
Integrated Drive Electronics
I2C:
Inter Integrated Circuit
I/O:
Input/Output
IrDA:
Infrared Data Association
ISA:
Industry Standard Architecture
MIR:
Mid-Infrared
OHCI:
Open Host Controller Interface
PCI:
Peripheral Component Interconnect,
SAS:
Serial Attached SCSI
SATA/S-ATA:
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
SCSI:
Small Computer System Interface
SIR:
Serial Infrared
SMP:
SAS Management Protocol
SSP:
SAS SCSI Protocol
STP:
SATA Tunneling Protocol
SPI:
Serial Peripheral Interface
UART:
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
UHCI:
Universal Host Controller Interface
USART:
Universal Synchronous/Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
USB:
Universal Serial Bus
VFIR:
Very-Fast-Infrared
 
 
 
DASD:
Direct Access Storage Device
DIMM:
Dual Inline Memory Module
DDR:
Double Data Rate
DMA:
Direct Memory Access
DRAM:
Dynamic Random Access Memory
EDO:
Extended Data Output
EPROM:
Erasable Programmable Read-Only-Memory
EEPROM:
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
FPM:
Fast Page Mode
HD:
Hard Disk
HDD:
Hard Disk Drive
PROM:
Programmable Read Only Memory
RAM:
Random Access Memory
ROM:
Read Only Memory
SD:
Secure Digital
SDRAM:
Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SO-DIMM:
Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module
UDMA:
Ultra Direct Memory Access
 
 
 
AC:
Alternating Current
A/D:
analog/digital
ADC:
analog/digital Converter
AFC:
Automatic Frequency Control
BCD:
Binary Coded Decimal
CMOS:
Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
D/A:
digital/analog
DAC:
digital/analog Converter
DC:
Direct Current
DEV:
Diodenerdwahlverfahren
DTMF:
Dual Tone Multiple Frequency
EIA:
Electronic Industries Alliance
Elko:
Elektrolytkondensator
FET:
Field-Effect Transistor
GPS:
Global Positioning System
HF:
High Frequency
IC:
Integrated Circuit
IWV:
Impulswahlverfahren
LDO:
Low Dropout Regulator
LCD:
Liquid Crystal Display
LED:
Light Emitting Diode
LF:
Low Frequency
MFV:
Mehrfrequenzwahlverfahren
MIPS:
Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages
MOSFET:
Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor
NF:
Niederfrequenz
NMOS:
n-Type Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
NTC:
Negative Temperature Coefficient
PCB:
Printed Circuit Board
PLL:
Phase-locked loop
PM:
Phase Modulation
PMOS:
p-Type Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
PRN:
Pseudo Random Noise
PTC:
Positive Temperature Coefficient
PWM:
Pulse Wide Modulation
RC:
Resistor-Capacitor
RFID:
Radio Frequency Identification
RTC:
Realtime Clock
SMA:
Sub-Miniature-A
SMB:
Sub-Miniature-B
SMC:
Sub-Miniature-C
TRIAC:
TRIode Alternating Current
TTL:
Transistor-Transistor-Logik
UV:
Ultraviolett
VDC:
Volts of Direct Currents
VIA:
Vertical Interconnect Access
 
 
 
AFSK:
Audio Frequency Shift Keying
ALE:
Automatic Link Establishment
AM:
Amplitude Modulation
APSK:
Amplitude and Phase Shift Keying
BFSK:
Binary Frequency Shift Keying
CDMA:
Code Division Multiple Accesss
COFDM:
Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex
CPFSK:
Continuous Phase FSK
CSD:
Circuit Switched Data
CTCSS:
Continuous Tone Coded Subaudio Squelch
DCS:
Digital-Coded Squelch
DECT:
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications
DMT:
Discrete Multitone Transmission
DSBSC:
Double Side Band Suppressed Carrier
DSSS:
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
FDD:
Frequency Division Duplex
FDMA:
Frequency Division Multiple Access
FHSS:
Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrums
FSK:
Frequency Shift Keying
FM:
Frequency Modulation
GAP:
Generic Access Profile
GFSK:
Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying
GMSK:
Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying
GPRS:
General Packet Radio Service
GSM:
Global System for Mobile Communications
HSCSD:
High Speed Circuit Switched Data
HSDPA:
High Speed Downlink Packet Access
HSUPA:
High Speed Uplink Packet Access
ISM:
Industrial, Scientific and Medical Band
LPD:
Low Power Device
LSB:
Lower Sideband
MSK:
Minimum Frequency Shift Keying
PCM:
Puls-Code-Modulation
PFM:
Pulse Frequency Modulation
PMR:
Private Mobile Radio
PPM:
Pulse Position Modulation
PSK:
Phase Shift Keying
OFDM:
Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
OOK:
On-Off Keying
QAM:
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
QPSK:
Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
RC:
Radio Controlled
RF:
Radio Frequency
SRD:
Short Range Device
SSB:
Single-Sideband
SSBSC:
Single Sideband Suppressed Carrier Modulation
TCM:
Trellis Code Modulation
TDD:
Time Division Duplex
UMTS:
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
USB:
Upper Sideband
UWB:
Ultra Wide Band
WCDMA:
Wideband Code Division Multiple Accesss
 
 
 
ALU:
Arithmetic Logic Unit
BIOS:
Basic Input Output System
CISC:
Complex Instruction Set Computing
CPLD:
Complex Programmable Logic Device
CPU:
Central Processing Unit
FIFO:
First In - First Out
FPGA:
Field Programmable Gate Array
FPU:
Floating Point Unit
GAL:
Generic Array Logic
HIFO:
Highest In - First Out
LIFO:
Last In - First Outt
MCU:
Microcontroller Unit
MMU:
Memory Management Unit
NPU:
Numeric Processing Unit
OTP:
One Time Programmable
PAL:
Programmable Array Logic
PDU:
Protocol Data Unit
QoS:
Quality of Service
RISC:
Reduced Instruction Set Computing
SDU:
Service Data Unit
 
 
 
CCD:
Charge Coupled Device
CGA:
Color Graphics Adapter
DVI:
Digital Visual Interface
EGA:
Enhanced Graphics Adapter
HDMI:
High Definition Multimedia Interface
NTSC:
National Television Systems Committee
PAL:
Phase-Alternation-Line
TFT:
Thin-Film Transistor
UDI:
Unified Display Interface
VGA:
Video Graphics Array
 
 
 
AES:
Advanced Encryption Standard
API:
Application Programming Interface
ASCII:
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
CA:
Certificate Authority
CBC:
Cipher Block Chaining Mode
CFB:
Cipher Feedback Mode
COM:
Component Object Model
DB:
Database
DBMS:
Database Management System
DES:
Data Encryption Standard
DLL:
Dynamic Link Library
DOM:
Document Object Model
DTD:
Document Type Definition
EAI:
Enterprise Application Integration
ECB:
Electronic Code Book
FIPS:
Federal Information Processing Standard
GCC:
GNU Compiler Collection
GIF:
Graphics Interchange Format
HTML:
Hypertext Markup Language
IDEA:
International Data Encryption Algorithm
JAAS:
Java Authentication and Authorization Service
JPEG:
Joint Photographic Experts Group
MD5:
Message-Digest Algorithm 5
OCSP:
Online Certificate Status Protocol
ODBC:
Open Database Connectivity
OFB:
Output Feedback Mode
OOP:
Objektorientierte Programmierung
OS:
Operation System
PAM:
Pluggable Authentication Modules
PDF:
Portable Document Format
PGP:
Pretty Good Privacy
PHP:
PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor
PKI:
Public Key Infrastructure
RA:
Registration Authority
RSS:
Really Simple Syndication
UML:
Unified Modeling Language
SAML:
Security Assertion Markup Language
SAX:
Simple API for XML
SCVP:
Server-based Certificate Validation Protocol
SGML:
Standard Generalized Markup Language
SQL:
Structured Query Language
SSO:
Single Sign-On
TDES:
Triple DES
UTF:
Unicode Transformation Format
XHTML:
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language
XML:
Extensible Markup Language
XSL:
Extensible Stylesheet Language
XSSO:
X/Open Single Sign-on Service